determinants and consequences of kidnapping in southeast nigeria
There is an upsurge in the crime of kidnapping in Nigeria. The phenomenon which started in the Niger Delta region of the country subsequently spread to other regions especially the southeast region. This book examined the crime of kidnapping in southeast Nigeria especially in Anambra and Abia states. The cross sectional survey design was adopted in the study. Several theories of crime were reviewed in the study. Many factors were found to be responsible for kidnapping in the region. Prominent among them are unemployment, debased value system and unprecedented penchant for materialism. The consequences of kidnapping were found to be enormous. They include among others, failure of businesses, death, lack of interpersonal trust, fear of being kidnapped. Based on the findings of the study, the researcher recommended among others, value re-orientation, provision of job opportunities and skill acquisition for the unemployed, use of sufficient technology to monitor the activities of kidnappers etc. This book will be of immense benefit to students of criminology in Nigeria, Africa and all over the world.
Nigeria has the potential to become Sub-Saharan Africa’s largest economy because of its rich human and natural resources but in spite of this, Nigeria is considered to be one of the poorest countries in the world. About 70% of the population live below the poverty line and with an investment rate of barely 10% of GDP, Nigeria is below the minimum investment rate of about 30% of GDP required to reduce poverty. Foreign Direct Investment can provide the capital needed to bridge the savings gap, required to propel economic growth and development. This is an historical and empirical assessement of the story so far and the best ways Nigeria can position effectively to make the most of available capital, generate and sustain global interest in the non-oil sector.
It is a widely held opinion that the attainment of a robust economic growth and development in Nigeria will require, among other things, an increase in investment which will have to come primarily from the private sector. Viewed against the background of growing evidence of a link between investment and economic growth, the question of what determines private investment behavior in Nigeria therefore becomes an important one. Several studies in developing countries emphasize the importance of macroeconomic policy in explaining variations in investment, and in particular, identify the macroeconomic determinants of private investment to include; interest rates, output growth, public investment, bank credit to the private sector, inflation, real exchange rate , and the level of trade. This study proceeds in the same vein and evaluates the macroeconomic determinants of private investment in Nigeria by means of an estimation technique based on the co-integration and Vector Error Correction Model (VECM).
The reality of the problem of poor state of agricultural information management in Nigeria necessitated the need to study situations of the farmers, agricultural extension agents and researchers in the country. The extent to which ICTs are used by these stakeholders to advance agricultural practices in Nigeria was investigated. Three sets of structured questionnaire were used to elicit information from the different categories of respondents. Data were collected on perception of the use of ICTs, access, availability, level of use and knowledge of ICTs, farmers’ information sources, needs and use of available ICTs and willingness to use digital ICTs. Descriptive statistics, knowledge index and logit regression model were used to analyse the data collected. All tests were carried out at p = 0.05. The disparity in the available ICT formats to agricultural researchers, extensionists and farmers present a serious challenge to agricultural information management in Nigeria. Multiplicity of information sources predisposed farmers to use ICTs. Availability and accessibility were major determinants of Information and Communication Technologies used by researchers and extensionists.
Despite the success of Keynesian theory in increasing the velocity of economic activities in times of recession, few studies have been carried out in this field of study; particularly on public spending. Empirical studies on the determinants of public spending began in the 80s. Before then, attention had been on the revenue aspect of Public Finance in proffering policy recommendations to nations of the world. Recently, there are more academic literature on the aggregated components of public spending, since the major economic issue in many countries of the world has been the declining growth rates which have intensely reduced standards of living, leading to a deep-seated re-examination of adjustment and development strategies. However, empirical literature on the macroeconomic determinants of public capital spending are sparse and mostly cross-country analysed. Hence, the use of panel data analysis which is good and reliable; nevertheless does not control for country-specific peculiarities. Therefore, this work distinctively provides insight into the macroeconomic peculiarity of Nigeria. This book is highly recommended for academics and students
Nigeria is an investment haven with a population of over 160 million people and endowed with natural resources. A country with large expanse of arable land and blessed with good weather. It runs a consistent democratic government and very friendly investment policy. The transformation agenda of the current government has opened up the place and attracted both domestic and foreign investment. There are still lots of investment opportunities in the area of Oil, Gas, Electricity, Mining, Agriculture, Construction, Aviation, Rail, Banking, Insurance, Education, Health, Information Technology, Telecommunications, etc. The government of the day is putting adequate security in place to make Nigeria the investment hub of Africa. The book is a must read for Investors, Researchers, University teachers, and any other category of persons who are interested in trying to find out what is needed to know about what may determine your investing in Nigeria.
The determinant of poverty is a potent and formidable organ towards millennium development goals which aim to half the poverty level by 2015.The current global economic meltdown has had its devastating turn on Nigeria as a nation, biting hard on organizations, businesses, families and homes. The frantic search for alternative resource of national revenue aside oil has become imperative for economic emancipation of the lots of Nigerians. Agriculture including fishery offers an unexploited succor capable of salvaging the people from hunger and poverty. Creating renewed awareness and practice of fishing in the rural setting would go a long way in eradicating global economic challenges.
The identification of what constitutes the demand for money function in an economy plays a crucial role in the pursuit of targeted monetary growth. This book, Money Demand Function in a Developing Economy: The Nigeria’s Experience, provides a comprehensive analysis of what really constitutes the money demand function in a developing economy like Nigeria. It offers a good balance between theory and empirical. That is, it provides an avenue for empirical testing of theories and models as regards to what should or should not constitute money demand function in Nigeria. This is achieved by specifying and estimating econometric models, testing them, simulating them and using them for prediction and policy purposes.
This study investigated the determinants of yield performance among small scale fish farmers in Epe Local Government of Lagos State, Nigeria. From the major findings of the study,the determinants include: quantities of feed, labour and fingerlings and total pond size. Catfish farming in the study area is profitable with a benefit-cost ratio of 3.14 and a gross margin of #709,208.13 on an annual basis.
This book asses about the main causes and consequences of urban poverty in arba -minch twon, so in my belief it base fir the other researcher to use as the referance, and it contian around 12 varable as the dependent variable, and also used food eneregy intake method to identify poor from non-poor, and also used logistic regressions method to reggess. the soft-ware used in this study were stat11..
The book is organized in chapters. Chapter one is the introduction which starts with background information focusing on the importance of water to human and ecological existence.The challenges of providing water were stressed and the fact that the availability, quantity and quality of water depends on its watershed. Next is the problem statement which highlights the problems the study intends to tackle, the purpose and significance of the study. Chapter two deals with review of related literature and empirical researches which enabled the authors to establish the gap which this study intends to cover.Also, watershed management models were reviewed.Chapter three dwells on the methodology used in carrying out the research work. The presentation and discussion of results of the study is in Chapter four. In chapter five, summary, conclusion and recommendations based on the findings of the study are presented.The study concluded among other things the closeness of watersheds to farm and residential houses and recommended the promulgation of national policy on watersheds to address all the issues raised in the study.
This study examined the interactive influence of external reserve (ER) and some macroeconomic variables, such as economic size (GDP), exchange rate (EXR), trade position (BOP) and the country’s major export product, crude oil production (COP). The aforementioned variables were captured as factors driving or determining the level of external reserve in the country. The econometric analysis was done, employing secondary data from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) statistical bulletine. The result obtained from the co-integration test and error correction mechanism (ECM) reveals the following; (1) existence of a long run relationship between the variables and two co-integrating equations at 5% and 1% significant levels; (2) the possibility of convergence of the variables from the short to long run with slow speed of adjustment of about 44.09%. it is thus the conclusion of this paper that accumulation of large foreign reserves is not very productive in Nigeria due to her inability to induce some macroeconomic variables.
Infant and child mortality remains a serious public health problem in Nigeria, especially in rural areas. This study examined the levels, socio-economic and bio-demographic differentials in infant and child mortality in Ehime Mbano - a rural area in Imo State, Nigeria. The factors that are considered include age of mother at the birth of a child, maternal and paternal education and occupation and breastfeeding among others. Infant and child mortality rates are estimated at 80 and 64 deaths per 1,000 live births respectively for the entire population. Increase in parents’ education was found to have negative effect on infant and child mortality. However, mothers’ education became insignificant at the multivariate analysis while fathers’ education became more significant, indicating that fathers’ education exerts more influence in reducing infant and child mortality than mothers’ education in Ehime Mbano. The findings necessitates that health policies aimed at reducing Infant and child mortality in the study area should also target fathers if appreciable impact is to be made. Health care providers, researchers and policy makers will benefit from the outcome of this research.
It is clear from the statistics that TV is a dominant force in the world, and India is no exception.The advent of each new electronic medium or technology has been both celebrated and viewed with alarm, often simultaneously. TV,cable TV, video games, computers and the Internet have each been regarded as menace by parents who are more concerned with learning and education of children. While many will argue that this new generation is more influenced by computers and the Internet than TV, TV still remains a dominant force in all cultures.It is also a known fact that the family interaction with each other will be minimum when the TV is on.The present book gives an over view of literature on impact of TV viewing on behaviour and academic achievement of elementary school children.The results of the study reiterated a modest negative link between the total time children spend viewing TV and their school achievement.The magnitude of behaviour problems also varied depending on amount of TV watching.The book certainly helps parents and teachers to understand the determinants of children's TV viewing and consequences of excessive TV watching on their behavior and tips to control it.
Hazardous use of alcohol is a public health problem which accounts for 4.0% of global disease burden. The prevalence of alcohol use among drivers of commercial vehicles has been documented, but little is known about the social determinants and consequences of alcohol use among them. This study was therefore carried out to assess the pattern, social determinants, and consequences of alcohol use among drivers of commercialvehicles in Calabar, southern Nigeria.A cross-sectional study was conducted among 360 commercial drivers. Eighteen out of 32 clusters of motor parks in Calabar were selected by simple ballot and all consenting drivers in the selected clusters were enrolled. An interviewer-administered, semi-structured questionnaire which included the World Health Organization alcohol use disorders identification test (AUDIT), was used to collect data. The prevalence of alcohol use was 84.4%. The largest contributor to the logistic model of alcohol use was concurrent use of other drugs. Features of dependence were exhibited by more than a third of participants. A multi-prong approach to alcohol control is recommended.
Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa next to Nigeria. According to Population and Housing Census (2007) the population Ethiopia was 77.1 million. The annual population growth rate was predicted at 2.7 percent showing that the country has a very high total fertility rate. This book,therefore, provide the effect of socio-demographic factors on fertility level in Ethiopia using Binary Logistic Regression Analysis. The findings are believed to be useful for policy making, monitoring and evaluation activities of the government and different concerned agencies.