commoditization of news a challenge to serious journalism in india
In the age of liberalization, privatization and globalization news is being treated as a commodity. From Journalists to Social Scientists express their deep concern over the tendency to commoditize news. Some news media have not hesitated to compromise with serious journalism. Others have taken recourse to sensationalism. Profit should not be the sole criterion. Market forces have affected the credibility of the media. Core values of Indian journalism have already come under pressure from folding journalism into entertainment. The mainstream media depend on the market economy and the whims of advertisers regulate even the editorial content of the media in many occasions. A large section of the media is really trying to divert the attention of the people from the real issues to non-issues. For such a market-driven media, the problems of the common man are not matters of serious concern. Sensationalism, tabloidization, trivialization, celebrity-worship and above all commoditization pose a alarming threat to serious journalism. To combat the trend the media persons must act responsibly and help the people to solve their problems by focusing on the real issues of the country.
As the fastest growing medium ever recorded, the internet has offered spectacularly different means for collecting, producing, organizing and disseminating news. Within the ever-increasing literature and research on web journalism worldwide, the US- and UK-based academic studies actually far outweigh studies of anywhere else. This book, therefore, is an attempt to contribute to the diversity of the global communication study by analyzing Chinese mainstream web journalism in a global context. It explores the distinctive forms of journalism that have emerged in mainstream news websites in mainland China. Two case studies, the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games and the H1N1 influenza pandemic in 2009, are employed to identify features in Chinese and Western news online. Specifically, a comparison is made between the in-depth news sections of popular mainstream news websites in China and those in the United States, the United Kingdom, and New Zealand. This book should be useful to professionals in the field of new media studies cross cultures, or anyone else who may be interested in comparative journalism studies.
News Media and Journalism in Pakistan deals with two main issues of journalism in Pakistan. One is the primary concept of media system in Pakistan. This has been thoroughly discussed through the use of exhaustive theoretical framework. The second aspect of the study is study of journalist professionals in the context of communicator research. Communicator research in the present study deals with professional role conceptions of journalists in two main cities of Pakistan, namely Peshawar and Islamabad. The overall structure of Pakistani media system, its interaction with other social systems in the country has been put into context. The overall idea coming out of the whole study gives the image of an institution that is weak in itself, but the group of professionals working in it are powerful enough to survive in the face of a very powerful political system. The main yardstick for professionalism in the country is security, job and personal. Professionalism in the Pakistani media is more of a self concept than reality.
While talking heads debate the media's alleged conservative or liberal bias, award-winning journalist Bonnie Anderson knows that the problem with television news isn't about the Left versus the Right–it's all about the money. From illegal hiring practices to ethnocentric coverage to political cheerleading, News Flash exposes how American broadcast conglomerates' pursuit of the almighty dollar consistently trumps the need for fair and objective reporting. Along the way to the bottomline, the proud tradition of American television journalism has given way to an entertainment-driven industry that's losing credibility and viewers by the day. As someone who has worked as both a broadcast reporter and a network executive, Anderson details how the networks have been co-opted by bottom-line thinking that places more value on a telegenic face than on substantive reporting. Network executives—the real power in broadcast journalism—are increasingly employing tactics and strategies from the entertainment industry. They «cast» reporters based on their ability to «project credibility,» value youth over training and experience, and often greenlight coverage only if they can be assured that it will appeal to advertiser-friendly demographics.
Since 1950s, journalism scholars and practitioners examining the gatekeeper functions of News Media sought to explain why some issues and events became newsworthy while others remained obscure. This work based on "News value theory" assumed that the more the news values a story had, the more its likeliness of reportage and placement in the newspaper. Remarkably, due to the emptiness in the African journalism literature, this work examined the predominant news values in the African press with a comparative analysis of Ugandan Newspapers. The author discovered that all news items analyzed had more than one news value. Similarly, the findings showed that news published in the Ugandan newspapers are more deviant and socially significant as reflected in the dominant news values explained in this book. The empirical findings demonstrated that Ugandan newspapers conceive the enhanced diversity of views in their news reportage.Results showed that 75% of the news analyzed were domestic news of which 53.7% focused on national issues. Whereas 36.8% of international news focused on Europe. This book provides meaningful information to journalism practitioners, Scholars and Communication Experts
The utilisation of ICTs in Egypt has irrevocably changed the nature of the traditional public sphere. One can see the Egyptian online society as a multiplicity of networks. These networks have developed, transformed and expanded over time, operating across all areas of life. Nonetheless, in essence they are socio-political and cultural in origin. Audiences started to provide detailed descriptions of Egyptian street politics, posting multimedia material, generating public interest, and reinforcing citizen power and democracy. This trend changed the way audiences consumed news, with traditional media (especially independent and opposition) started to access online information to develop their media content and to escape government control. Several media organisations also started to expand their presence online so that, as well as providing news content to attract audiences, they also provided them with a ‘space’ to interact amongst themselves and with media organisations. This called for the introduction of a new type of journalism requiring a conscious sense of how to reach out to citizens and listen to them, and to have citizens listen and talk to each other.
When you combine the sheer scale and range of digital information now available with a journalist's "nose for news" and her ability to tell a compelling story, a new world of possibility opens up. With The Data Journalism Handbook, you'll explore the potential, limits, and applied uses of this new and fascinating field. This valuable handbook has attracted scores of contributors since the European Journalism Centre and the Open Knowledge Foundation launched the project at MozFest 2011. Through a collection of tips and techniques from leading journalists, professors, software developers, and data analysts, you'll learn how data can be either the source of data journalism or a tool with which the story is told - or both. Examine the use of data journalism at the BBC, the Chicago Tribune, the Guardian, and other news organizations, Explore in-depth case studies on elections, riots, school performance, and corruption, Learn how to find data from the Web, through freedom of information laws, and by "crowd sourcing", Extract information from raw data with tips for working with numbers and statistics and using data visualization, Deliver data through infographics, news apps, open data platforms, and download links.
With the arrival of Internet that has erased the ‘imaginary'' boundaries of the regions, both BBC and Al Jazeera English have entered into a market where they compete for the same reader, and the only tool that can help them win the battle and the hearts of the people of this global village is believed to be the practice of ‘objective journalism.'' The research analyses the news reports that appear on the BBC Online and the Al Jazeera English website. It is probably the first attempt to draw a comparison between the two ‘trusted brands'' on the web using the ‘discourse analysis'' as a method. The pursuit of a new benchmark of objective journalism is also a unique phenomenon of the study. It tries to read between the lines, e.g. the intention of the reporters in using a particular diction or a picture for a report. It will help journalism students, academics or the media people to see things going beyond their sight. Set out in a number of sections, the study discusses the concept of objectivity in journalism, and also the emergence of journalism on the web. A framework has been designed for the analysis of the news reports.
“I think journalism anywhere should be based on social justice and impartiality, making contributions to society as well as taking responsibility in society. Whether you are capitalist or socialist or Marxist, journalists should have the same professional integrity. --Tan Hongkai” ? Judy Polumbaum, China Ink: The Changing Face of Chinese Journalism. This is absolutely true,journalism or the fourth estate is a noble job that is based on gathering news and representing them to citizens with extreme neutrality and accuracy. In the world of press, there are a set of criteria or news factors which journalists rely on in order to decide what issues are credible or newsworthy ; those news factors determine which stories will be covered and which ones are not. In other words, journalists choose and select news stories and events according to news factors which are considered as qualities and principles that journalists must take into account during the selection of events so as to achieve a certain level of credibility, but once reporters and media workers in general go beyond these journalistic values, they might fall in the trap of tabloid journalism the same like « AlAhdath Al Maghrebia
This book brings out an interesting insight of why Journalists worldwide galvanize Brown Envelope Journalism (BEJ) with good names. The reality is that this notion acts as a remedy to their poor remuneration. It is little wonder that Brown Envelope has now turned into a serious journalism field; a field that is raising questions worldwide. Some scholars have called it corruption in the media, but no journalist scholar has considered it corruption.
The narrative journalism that borrows its tools from literature is nothing but a slippery slope leading to the decay of the journalistic trade and undermines the reputation of serious and objective journalism. So reads the critiques by many news journalists who deny the narrative style a place in news reporting. This book claims, on the contrary, that narrative journalism can be both a more efficient and a more compelling way of communicating facts, and that it even has the potential of opening-up a qualitatively different perception and understanding of the content it communicates. Telling Stories of War offers a review of literature on narrative journalism and develops a method to identify and analyse narrative elements in journalistic texts. The method is applied on a selection of articles on the 2003 invasion of Iraq by the famous Norwegian journalist and author Asne Seierstad – both admired and criticised internationally for her narrative reporting from war zones like Iraq, Afghanistan, Bosnia and Chechnya.
Journalism, the Public and the Government have been of great interest as a subject to me. Journalist being the catalyst and propeller of society, as a result of the news they feed the public with and the response of the government to the media has always been a subject that sparks my curiosity. As a result of this, various questions were asked and the more questions arose, the more curious I was about journalists. It also amazed me how the saying, “those who don’t practice what they teach, often preach”, came in handy in this case. Journalists have taught the society as a whole so many things. Giving up to date news, informing and telling the public about the way they should dress, what they should eat, how they should spend money wisely, how to live comfortable lives and so on. But the question still remains that, do they practice what they preach?
Publishers and Editors no longer exclusively control society’s narrative blurb as traditional gatekeepers of all news stories and editorials. The emergence of citizen-journalism has democratized the news production and dissemination process in a revolutionary way. The new media is a flat, unassuming communal world of mass producers of information - online publishers and bloggers, mobile phone users, up-loaders of content on YouTube, Facebook, Twitter and other mostly free portals. This book discusses the impacts of technology and media modalities in digital technology on Journalism. It helps to understand how media technology transforms journalism. It also helps to build the theoretical foundation on how technology transforms journalism by adding to the emerging literature in relation to the world view of the citizen news business. There is no doubt therefore, that this book will benefit students of media and communication studies, researchers in the field of new media, and citizen-journalism. Media and communication practitioners will also find the book as a good companion in dealing with the challenges of emerging media and communication technologies.
With the proliferation of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), the future of the news industry is threatened by the movement of young people away from traditional sources of news. Perhaps, a way to correct this situation is through the use of Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM) text messaging. This is because GSM is the one piece of technology that is virtually in the hands everyone, most especially youth of which inherently majority are students. Moreover, seeing that the practice of journalism is changing in ways that challenge the historic function of the news business, text messages will be a good way to keep students informed about political issues both within and outside the country. This book therefore serves as a guide for traditional mass media houses, new media organizations, government of nations (especially developing nations) or anyone else who may be considering the potentials or prospects of using GSM text messages for new dissemination in general or even political news dissemination in particular. It will also help shed light on some conceptual aspects of GSM and also the functional and dysfunctional perspectives of text messaging.
A new kind of journalism emerge in the Zimbabwean newsroom as journalists try to cope with the political and economic pressures bedeviling the country.Jonathan examines the constructions of professionalism at the Financial Gazette through interrogating the journalistic practices privileged during the process of news production in the context of overwhelming state power.Jonathan draws on qualitative research methods, particularly observation and multi-layered individual in-depth interviews to interrogate the complex choices reporters made to ether cooperate or resist government pressure in their daily practices.
This study is premised on the hypothesis that while Lesotho is a democratic country, the power of the government to employ and fire strips news-workers of their autonomy as professionals. The main interest is to understand the complexity of negotiating the news-workers'' role identities. The idea is to understand how the news-workers see themselves, amidst conflicting identities where they are, on the one hand media professionals, on the other hand public servants whilst they also sometimes have to take on the identity of becoming government communication tools. This issue speaks to the heart of journalism professionalism particularly in the debates around the role of media in democracy and how state ownership and control impedes on such role.